Besides, decorate, replace air purifiers, and create a pleasant environment plants clean the air of pollutants. What are they most effective?

Streets, squares, towns, cities, forests … All corners of our planet suffer the constant and daily threat of pollution. Our day to day, despite being increasingly conscious and responsible harm nature at an alarming rate. Your refuge, your home, is also affected by the pollution. Hence also the attitude of each citizen can improve their quality of life, and NASA is ready to help to clean the air in your home with a completely natural solution: plants.

Having plants in a house provides many advantages. Besides, decorate and create a pleasant environment, absorb CO2 and release oxygen, reduce the room temperature and, among many other capabilities, clean the air of pollutants.

This was materialized NASA in 1989 through a study led by Dr. Bill Wolverton, director of the environmental organization Wolverton Environmental Services. Not all plants, however, can debug each and every one of the harmful particles in our homes.

Chemical substance Origin effects
Formaldehyde Particleboard or pressed wood products, carpets, water repellents, flame retardants, natural gas, kerosene, snuff smoke Irritates the eyes, nose, and throat. They can cause headaches and allergic dermatitis
Benzene, Xylene Irritates eyes and skin. Rubber sure can cause headaches, loss of appetite and drowsiness
Carbon monoxide Combustion engine vehicles, wood burning and gas, smoke snuff. It combines with the hemoglobin of the blood preventing its operation.
Trichloroethylene Dry cleaning fluids, printing inks, paints, varnishes, adhesives. They are considered carcinogens

In our homes are many chemicals (such as formaldehyde , the benzene or trichlorethylene ) that cause health problems. What plants, however, they are more effective against contaminants?

Potus ( Epiperemnum aureum )

This plant is the most common in offices and homes. It is native to Southeast Asia (Malaysia and Indonesia) and New Guinea, but adapts well to any environment thanks to its resistance as it requires great care. It can survive in environments between 17 and 30 degrees temperature and should be watered only when the soil is dry note.

Potus, despite being toxic to dogs and cats, is very effective against particles such as formaldehyde, xylene and benzene, avoiding eye irritation, nose, throat and skin. Prolonged exposure to benzene and xylene, for example, can cause headaches, loss of appetite and drowsiness.

Spathiphyllum flower peace, flower candle wind or dead

NASA also placed on its list flowering plants of the genus Spathiphyllum . They are very long – lived plants, originating in Mexico, tropical America, Malaysia and the western Pacific, commonly found around rivers and streams.

These plants can grow in environments with a temperature above 18 degrees and should only avoid being put into airstreams. They need more care than potrus, especially in summer, as they need to be watered and remote from direct sunlight. Plants of the genus Spathiphyllum, however, can absorb the five air pollutants analyzed by the report Wolverton (Formaldehyde, benzene and xylene, trichloroethylene and carbon monoxide)

Bamboo palm ( Raphis excelsa )

Also known as Chinese Rapis or Palmerita, this plant is very slow to start growth, but is picking up speed with age. It is native to Asia and fits in varied conditions, reaching up to 3 meters high

We must take into account them away from direct sunlight, fertile and requires a moist environment for proper growth soils. Your watering should be abundant in summer and moderate in winter and proper care allow us to eliminate, the air with their presence formaldehyde, xylene and ammonia.

Tiger Sansevierias or tongue ( Sansevieria trifasciata )

The sword of St. George or mother tongue is of South African origin and loves full sun. It requires very little irrigation, excess water being your worst enemy.

Its vertical stems make it ideal for little spacious interiors, even if grown outdoors can withstand very high temperatures (up to 40) and very low (-5). This plant is ideal for removing benzene, xylene and toluene, trichlorethylene and formaldehyde.

Ficus robusta

The rubber tree, apart from removing formaldehyde from the air, is an ideal way to maintain humidity, thanks to its high rate of evapotranspiration plant.

Asian, ficus robusta is very grateful and hardy plant. It withstands high temperatures, but can not tolerate sudden changes. In a few years it can grow very fast, so you have to keep in mind that it is a plant that needs space.

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